Israel’s Supreme Court on Tuesday rejected a petition filed by the United Nations to lift restrictions on the entry of religious Jews to Israel, but ruled that religious institutions, such as rabbis and religious academies, should be allowed to conduct religious examinations for those seeking admission.
The Supreme Court ruled that the restrictions against religious students were illegal because they violated the principles of freedom of religion.
The court also rejected the petition filed jointly by the Jewish Agency for Israel, the Israeli government, the Israel Educational Institute and the Israeli Ministry of Education.
The Jewish Agency has been lobbying for the lifting of the restrictions on religious entrance.
The Israeli government has also argued that allowing the examinations to be conducted by religious institutions would undermine the “national character” of Israel.
The petition filed in October by the American-based Human Rights Watch (HRW) was aimed at the High Court of Justice’s ruling that the entry restrictions on Jewish students were unlawful.
The ruling that was handed down by the high court on Tuesday overturned the High Council of Rabbis’ ruling in November 2016 that the entrance examination for entry into the Jewish State is not discriminatory, and that there are no discriminatory barriers to religious entry.
The appeals court also overturned the decision of the High Economic Council to ban the entrance examinations for Israeli Orthodox Jewish students in September 2017.
According to the Israeli news website Ynet, the decision to overturn the high council’s decision on the admission of Israeli Orthodox Jews was also due to a recommendation by the Israel Rabbinical Council.
The decision to uphold the high judicial panel’s decision was a major blow to the petition, which has been seeking the lifting and reinstatement of the entrance exams.
The High Court ruling on Tuesday was not a surprise, as the Supreme Court had ruled in 2015 that there were no discriminatory grounds for denying the entrance to religious students.
In response to the Supreme High Court decision, the government issued a statement that it was taking measures to improve access to religious education.
The government had already issued new rules for entry to Jewish institutions.
In a statement, the Ministry of Justice said it had no plans to lift the entrance requirements for Jewish religious institutions.
It added that it had also announced the closure of religious acadades in schools.
According the Israel Education Institute, about 30,000 Jewish students are enrolled in private, religious schools.
The institute is one of the few groups that has successfully challenged the entry requirements for religious students at Israeli universities.
The Israeli government maintains that there is no discriminatory basis for the entrance restrictions, and argues that the religious education of religious students will be “enhanced by the creation of a new generation of scholars.”